Azure SQL Database pricing

Managed, intelligent SQL in the cloud

Part of the Azure SQL family of SQL database services, Azure SQL Database is the intelligent, scalable database service built for the cloud with AI-powered features that maintain peak performance and durability. Optimize costs without worrying about resource management with serverless compute and Hyperscale storage resources that automatically scale.

Explore pricing options

Apply filters to customize pricing options to your needs.

vCore

A vCore-based purchase model is best if you are looking for flexibility, control and transparency of individual resource consumption. This model allows you to scale compute, memory, and storage based upon your workload needs and provides a straightforward way to translate on-premises workload requirements to the cloud.

Serverless compute

The SQL Database serverless compute tier optimizes price-performance and simplifies performance management for single databases with intermittent, unpredictable usage by auto-scaling compute and billing for compute used per second. For details, see the FAQ section and documentation.

General purpose

Ideal for most business workloads, offering balanced and scalable compute and storage options.

Gen 5

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers.

Minimum vCores Maximum vCores Minimum Memory (GB) Maximum Memory (GB) Price
0.5 40 2.02 120 $-/vCore-second
($-/vCore-hour)

Locally Redundant Storage

In the general purpose tier, you are charged for Premium blob storage that you provision. Storage can be configured between 5 GB and 4 TB with 1 GB increments.

Price
GB/month $-

Gen 5 - Zone Redundant

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers. Zone redundancy provides enhanced availability by automatically replicating data across the availability zones within a region. For the General Purpose tier, this option incurs an additional cost.

Minimum vCores Maximum vCores Minimum Memory (GB) Maximum Memory (GB) Price
0.5 40 2.02 120 $-/vCore-second
($-/vCore-hour)

Zone Redundant Storage

In the general purpose tier, you are charged for Premium file shares that you provision. Storage can be configured between 5 GB and 4 TB with 1 GB increments. Zone-redundant storage (ZRS) copies your data synchronously across three Azure availability zones in the primary region.

Price
GB/month $-

Backup storage (point-in-time restore)

By default, seven days of database backups are stored in RA-GRS Standard blob storage. The retention period can be increased to up to 35 days. Any corrupted or deleted database can be restored to any point in time within that period. The storage is used by weekly full backups, daily differential backups, and frequent transaction log backups in between. The backup cost depends on the size of the database, the rate of change and the configured retention period. The backup storage amount equal to the database size is provided at no extra charge. Additional backup storage consumption will be charged in GB/month. Learn more about automated backups, and how to monitor and manage backup costs.

Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

Long-term retention

Many applications have regulatory, compliance, or other business purposes that require you to retain database backups for longer periods of time. By using the long-term retention (LTR) feature, you can store full backups for up to 10 years. You can then restore any backup as a new database. Learn more about long-term retention.

Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

Provisioned compute

The SQL Database provisioned compute tier provides a fixed amount of compute resource for a fixed price billed hourly. It optimizes price-performance for single databases and elastic pools with more regular usage that cannot afford any delay in compute warm-up after idle usage periods. For details, see the FAQ section and documentation.

General purpose

Ideal for most business workloads, offering balanced and scalable compute and storage options.

Gen 5

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price 1 year reserved capacity 2 3 year reserved capacity 2 3 years reserved with Azure Hybrid Benefit 2
2 10.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
4 20.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
6 30.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
8 40.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
10 51 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
12 61.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
14 71.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
16 81.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
18 91.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
20 102 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
24 122.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
32 163.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
40 204 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
80 396 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

DC-series

The DC-series logical CPUs are based on Intel XEON E-2288G processors with Software Guard Extensions (Intel SGX) technology. DC-series supports Always Encrypted with secure enclaves and it is designed to for workloads that process sensitive data and demand confidential query processing capabilities.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
2 9 $- $-
4 18 $- $-
6 27 $- $-
8 36 $- $-

1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
This hardware option is subject to regional availability. See our documentation for the latest list of available regions.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores). A vCore represents a logical CPU offered with an option to choose between compute generations.

Fsv2-series

The Fsv2-series logical CPUs are based on Intel Xeon® Platinum 8168 (SkyLake) processors. In Fsv2-series, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Fsv2-series is optimized for workloads demanding more CPU performance per vCore.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
8 15.1 $- $-
10 18.9 $- $-
12 22.7 $- $-
14 26.5 $- $-
16 30.2 $- $-
18 34 $- $-
20 37.8 $- $-
24 45.4 $- $-
32 60.5 $- $-
36 68 $- $-
72 136 $- $-

1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
This hardware option is subject to regional availability. See our documentation for the latest list of available regions.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores). A vCore represents a logical CPU offered with an option to choose between compute generations.

Locally Redundant Storage

In the general purpose tier, you are charged for Azure premium locally redundant storage that you provision. Storage can be configured between 5 GB and 4 TB with 1 GB increments. Locally Redundant Storage copies your data synchronously three times within a single physical location in the primary region.

Price
GB/month $-

Backup storage (point-in-time restore)

By default, seven days of database backups are stored in RA-GRS Standard blob storage. The retention period can be increased to up to 35 days. Any corrupted or deleted database can be restored to any point in time within that period. The storage is used by weekly full backups, daily differential backups, and frequent transaction log backups in between. The backup cost depends on the size of the database, the rate of change and the configured retention period. The backup storage amount equal to the database size is provided at no extra charge. Additional backup storage consumption will be charged in GB/month. Learn more about automated backups, and how to monitor and manage backup costs.

Long-term retention

Many applications have regulatory, compliance, or other business purposes that require you to retain database backups for longer periods of time. By using the long-term retention (LTR) feature, you can store full backups for up to 10 years. You can then restore any backup as a new database. Learn more about long-term retention.

Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month
Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

Gen 5 - Zone Redundant

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers. Zone redundancy provides enhanced availability by automatically replicating data across the availability zones within a region. For the General Purpose tier, this option incurs an additional cost.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
2 10.2 $- $-
4 20.4 $- $-
6 30.6 $- $-
8 40.8 $- $-
10 51 $- $-
12 61.2 $- $-
14 71.4 $- $-
16 81.6 $- $-
18 91.8 $- $-
20 102 $- $-
24 122.4 $- $-
32 163.2 $- $-
40 204 $- $-
80 396 $- $-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

Zone Redundant Storage

In the general purpose tier, you are charged for Premium file shares that you provision. Storage can be configured between 5 GB and 4 TB with 1 GB increments. Zone-redundant storage (ZRS) copies your data synchronously across three Azure availability zones in the primary region.

Price
GB/month $-

Backup storage (point-in-time restore)

By default, seven days of database backups are stored in RA-GRS Standard blob storage. The retention period can be increased to up to 35 days. Any corrupted or deleted database can be restored to any point in time within that period. The storage is used by weekly full backups, daily differential backups, and frequent transaction log backups in between. The backup cost depends on the size of the database, the rate of change and the configured retention period. The backup storage amount equal to the database size is provided at no extra charge. Additional backup storage consumption will be charged in GB/month. Learn more about automated backups, and how to monitor and manage backup costs.

Long-term retention

Many applications have regulatory, compliance, or other business purposes that require you to retain database backups for longer periods of time. By using the long-term retention (LTR) feature, you can store full backups for up to 10 years. You can then restore any backup as a new database. Learn more about long-term retention.

Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month
Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

Business critical

Business applications with high IO requirements. Offers highest resilience to failures using several isolated replicas.

Gen 5

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price 1 year reserved capacity 2 3 year reserved capacity 2 3 years reserved with Azure Hybrid Benefit 2
2 10.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
4 20.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
6 30.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
8 40.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
10 51 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
12 61.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
14 71.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
16 81.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
18 91.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
20 102 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
24 122.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
32 163.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
40 204 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
80 396 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

DC-series

The DC-series logical CPUs are based on Intel XEON E-2288G processors with Software Guard Extensions (Intel SGX) technology. DC-series supports Always Encrypted with secure enclaves and it is designed to for workloads that process sensitive data and demand confidential query processing capabilities.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
2 9 $- $-
4 18 $- $-
6 27 $- $-
8 36 $- $-

1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
This hardware option is subject to regional availability. See our documentation for the latest list of available regions.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores). A vCore represents a logical CPU offered with an option to choose between compute generations.

M-series

The M-series logical CPUs are based on Intel Xeon® E7-8890 v3 2.5 GHz (Haswell) and Intel Xeon Platinum 8280M 2.7 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In M-series, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. M-series is optimized for memory-intensive workloads.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
8 235.4 $- $-
10 294.3 $- $-
12 353.2 $- $-
14 412 $- $-
16 470.9 $- $-
18 529.7 $- $-
20 588.6 $- $-
24 706.3 $- $-
32 941.8 $- $-
64 1883.5 $- $-
128 3767 $- $-

1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
This hardware option is subject to regional availability. See our documentation for the latest list of available regions.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores). A vCore represents a logical CPU offered with an option to choose between compute generations.

Storage

In the business critical tier, you are charged for local SSD storage that you provision for your database or elastic pool. Storage can be configured between 5 GB and 4 TB with 1 GB increments.

Price
GB/month $-

Backup storage (point-in-time restore)

By default, seven days of database backups are stored in RA-GRS Standard blob storage. The retention period can be increased to up to 35 days. Any corrupted or deleted database can be restored to any point in time within that period. The storage is used by weekly full backups, daily differential backups, and frequent transaction log backups in between. The backup cost depends on the size of the database, the rate of change and the configured retention period. The backup storage amount equal to the database size is provided at no extra charge. Additional backup storage consumption will be charged in GB/month. Learn more about automated backups, and how to monitor and manage backup costs.

Long-term retention

Many applications have regulatory, compliance, or other business purposes that require you to retain database backups for longer periods of time. By using the long-term retention (LTR) feature, you can store full backups for up to 10 years. You can then restore any backup as a new database. Learn more about long-term retention.

Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month
Price
LRS $-/GB/month
ZRS $-/GB/month
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

Hyperscale

Hyperscale provides rapid, dynamic storage scaling up to 100 TB to help you optimize database resources for your workload’s needs. Each additional read replica is billed at the Azure Hybrid Benefit pricing, which can be combined with discounted reservation pricing for greater savings when committing upfront to a 1 or 3-year term. The below pricing is for the primary instance.

Gen 5

Gen 5 logical CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz, Intel SP8160 (Skylake) processors and Intel Xeon Platinum 8272CL 2.5 GHz (Cascade Lake) processors. In Gen 5, 1 vCore = 1 hyper thread. Gen 5 is great for most relational database servers.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price 1 year reserved capacity 2 3 year reserved capacity 2 3 years reserved with Azure Hybrid Benefit 2
2 10.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
4 20.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
6 30.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
8 40.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
10 51 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
12 61.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
14 71.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
16 81.6 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
18 91.8 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
20 102 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
24 122.4 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
32 163.2 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
40 204 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
80 396 $- $-
$-
$-
$-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

DC-series

The DC-series logical CPUs are based on Intel XEON E-2288G processors with Software Guard Extensions (Intel SGX) technology. DC-series supports Always Encrypted with secure enclaves and it is designed to for workloads that process sensitive data and demand confidential query processing capabilities.

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
2 9 $- $-
4 18 $- $-
6 27 $- $-
8 36 $- $-

1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
This hardware option is subject to regional availability. See our documentation for the latest list of available regions.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores). A vCore represents a logical CPU offered with an option to choose between compute generations.

Storage

In the Hyperscale tier, you are charged for storage for your database based on actual allocation. Storage is dynamically allocated between 40 GB and 100 TB, in 10 GB increments. Hyperscale IO is currently in preview and free of charge. IO billing will be disclosed at a later date.

Price
GB/month $-

Backup storage (point-in-time restore)

By default, seven days of backups are stored in RA-GRS Standard blob storage. Any corrupted or deleted database can be restored to any point in time within that period. The storage is used by periodic storage blob snapshots and all generated transaction log. The usage of the backup storage depends on the rate of change of the database and the configured retention period. The backup storage amount equal to the database size is provided at no extra charge. Additional backup storage consumption will be charged in GB/month. Learn more about automated backups, and how to monitor and manage backup costs.

*Backup storage will not be charged until July 1, 2021.

In DTU-based SQL purchase models, a fixed set of resources is assigned to the database or elastic pool via performance tiers: Basic, Standard, and Premium. This model is best for customers who prefer the simplicity of fixed payments each month, where the simplicity of pre-configured options is desired.


Single database model

Single databases are fully isolated databases optimized for workloads when performance demands are somewhat predictable. You can scale a single database up or down through the basic, standard, and premium service tiers to get the performance and features your app needs, precisely when it needs it. Each tier is distinguished primarily by performance, which is measured in Database Transaction Units (DTUs). See Service tiers for more detail.

Create a database now.

Basic

Price
RA-GRS* $-/GB/month
DTUs Included storage Max storage Price for DTUs and included storage
B 5 2 GB 2 GB $-

Standard

DTUs Included storage Max storage Price for DTUs and included storage 1
S0 10 250 GB 250 GB $-
S1 20 250 GB 250 GB $-
S2 50 250 GB 250 GB $-
S3 100 250 GB 1 TB $-
S4 200 250 GB 1 TB $-
S6 400 250 GB 1 TB $-
S7 800 250 GB 1 TB $-
S9 1,600 250 GB 1 TB $-
S12 3,000 250 GB 1 TB $-
1An additional cost applies for extra storage that is provisioned above the amount of storage included. Please see the FAQ for details on how this cost is computed.

Premium

Premium—designed for IO-intensive production workloads with high availability and zero downtime. Premium is fault-tolerant and automatically handles read and write availability with a 99.99 percent availability SLA.

DTUs Included storage 1 Max storage Price for DTUs and included storage 2
P1 125 500 GB 1 TB $-
P2 250 500 GB 1 TB $-
P4 500 500 GB 1 TB $-
P6 1,000 500 GB 1 TB $-
P11 1,750 4 TB 4 TB $-
P15 4,000 4 TB 4 TB $-
1More than 1 TB of storage in the Premium tier is available in all regions except the following: West Central US, US DoD Central, Germany Central (Sovereign), US DoD East, US Gov Texas, US Gov Arizona, US Gov Virginia, Germany Northeast (Sovereign). More widespread availability is planned. In these regions, the storage max in the Premium tier is limited to 1 TB.
2An additional cost applies for extra storage that is provisioned above the amount of storage included. Please see the FAQ for details on how this cost is computed.

Note: Outbound data transfers are charged at regular data transfer rates.

Extra Data Storage

Service tier Price
Standard $-/GB/month
Premium $-/GB/month
Extra storage is only available in the standard and premium service tiers.

Long-term retention

Many applications have regulatory, compliance, or other business purposes that require you to retain database backups for longer periods of time. By using the long-term retention (LTR) feature, you can store full backups for up to 10 years. You can then restore any backup as a new database. Learn more about long-term retention.

Price
RA-GRS $-/GB/month

vCore

A vCore-based purchase model is best if you are looking for flexibility, control and transparency of individual resource consumption. This model allows you to scale compute, memory, and storage based upon your workload needs and provides a straightforward way to translate on-premises workload requirements to the cloud.

Provisioned compute

The SQL Database provisioned compute tier provides a fixed amount of compute resource for a fixed price billed hourly. It optimizes price-performance for single databases and elastic pools with more regular usage that cannot afford any delay in compute warm-up after idle usage periods. For details, see the FAQ section and documentation.

General purpose

Ideal for most business workloads, offering balanced and scalable compute and storage options.

Gen 4

Gen 4 CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v3 (Haswell) 2.4 GHz processors. In Gen 4, 1 vCore = 1 physical CPU

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
1 7 $- $-
2 14 $- $-
3 21 $- $-
4 28 $- $-
5 35 $- $-
6 42 $- $-
7 49 $- $-
8 56 $- $-
9 63 $- $-
10 70 $- $-
16 112 $- $-
24 157 $- $-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

Business critical

Business applications with high IO requirements. Offers highest resilience to failures using several isolated replicas.

Gen 4

Gen 4 CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v3 (Haswell) 2.4 GHz processors. In Gen 4, 1 vCore = 1 physical CPU

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
1 7 $- $-
2 14 $- $-
3 21 $- $-
4 28 $- $-
5 35 $- $-
6 42 $- $-
7 49 $- $-
8 56 $- $-
9 63 $- $-
10 70 $- $-
16 112 $- $-
24 157 $- $-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

Hyperscale

Hyperscale provides rapid, dynamic storage scaling up to 100 TB to help you optimize database resources for your workload’s needs. Each additional read replica is billed at the Azure Hybrid Benefit pricing, which can be combined with discounted reservation pricing for greater savings when committing upfront to a 1 or 3-year term. The below pricing is for the primary instance.

Gen 4

Gen 4 CPUs are based on Intel E5-2673 v3 (Haswell) 2.4 GHz processors. In Gen 4, 1 vCore = 1 physical CPU

vCORE Memory (GB) Pay as you go Azure Hybrid Benefit1 Price
1 7 $- $-
2 14 $- $-
3 21 $- $-
4 28 $- $-
5 35 $- $-
6 42 $- $-
7 49 $- $-
8 56 $- $-
9 63 $- $-
10 70 $- $-
16 112 $- $-
24 157 $- $-
1Applies to SQL Server Licenses with active Software Assurance (SA). Learn more about Azure Hybrid benefit for SQL Server.
2Learn more about Azure reservations and Azure SQL Database reserved capacity pricing.
Compute is provisioned in virtual cores (vCores) with an option to choose between compute generations.

Explore additional savings

Azure Hybrid Benefit

Save up to 55% off the costs of running workloads in the cloud and get more for your virtualized workloads by using your existing SQL Server licenses with active Software Assurance.

Reservation pricing

Manage costs and help optimize budgeting and forecasting when you pre-commit to a 1 or 3-year term. Save up to 33 percent on compute resources and even more when you combine with Azure Hybrid Benefit.

Development and test pricing

Receive discounted rates on Azure to support your ongoing development and testing.

Unique capabilities to reduce total cost of ownership

Fully managed service does more for you

SQL Database automates updates, provisioning, and backups so you can focus on application development.

Enhance performance with built-in AI

Built-in intelligence continuously monitors databases and dynamically adapts to changing workloads by applying tuning recommendations.

Optimize costs with compute that automatically scales

Serverless compute optimizes price-performance with resources that automatically scale based on demand. Pay only for the resources you use.

Azure pricing and purchasing options

Connect with us directly

Get a walkthrough of Azure pricing. Understand pricing for your cloud solution, learn about cost optimization, and request a custom proposal.

Talk to a sales specialist

See ways to purchase

Purchase Azure services through the Azure website, a Microsoft representative, or an Azure partner.

Explore your options

Additional resources

Azure SQL Database details

Learn more about Azure SQL Database features and capabilities.

Pricing calculator

Estimate your expected monthly costs for using any combination of Azure products.

SLA

Review the Service Level Agreement for this product.

Documentation

Review technical tutorials, videos, and more Azure SQL Database resources.

Frequently asked questions

Azure SQL Database pricing

  • A virtual core (vCore) represents the logical CPU available for your server, offered with a choice between generations of hardware. For servers created using Gen4 vCores, the vCores are based on Intel E5-2673 v3 (Haswell) 2.4 GHz processors. For servers created using Gen5 vCores, the vCores are based on Intel E5-2673 v4 (Broadwell) 2.3 GHz processors.

  • The vCore-based purchasing model gives you more flexibility and control and a straightforward way to translate your on-premises workload requirements to the cloud. It also allows you to scale compute and storage resources independently, based upon your workload needs.

    The vCore-based model is available to SQL Database managed instance, Single Database and Elastic Pool deployment options and enables the use of Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server for each of these options. Pricing within the vCore-based model is therefore available with and without the hybrid benefit:

    • License included: Excludes Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server. This option is for customers who choose not to apply their existing SQL Server licenses with Software Assurance to vCore-based SQL Database deployment options.
    • Base rate: Reduced price that includes Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server. Customers can opt into this price by using their SQL Server licenses with Software Assurance.

    Azure Hybrid Benefit is not available in the serverless compute tier of SQL Database.

  • Moving to the vCore-based model is not required. The introduction of the vCore-based model to the Elastic Pool and Single Database deployment options reflects our commitment to customer choice and flexibility. If you want to continue using the DTU-based model, you do not need to take any action and your experience and billing will remain unchanged. The DTU-based model will remain a viable option for purchasing SQL Database resources, alongside the vCore-based model.

  • The DTU and vCore-based models will continue to exist side by side. We are launching the vCore-based model in response to customer requests for more transparency around their database resources and the ability to scale compute and storage separately. The vCore-based model also enables additional savings for customers with active Software Assurance through the Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server.

  • The Database Transaction Unit (DTU) is based on a blended measure of CPU, memory, reads, and writes. The DTU-based performance levels represent preconfigured bundles of resources to drive different levels of application performance. If you do not want to worry about the underlying resources and prefer the simplicity of a preconfigured bundle while paying a fixed amount each month, you may find the DTU-based model more suitable for your needs.

    If you need more insight into the underlying resources or need to scale them independently to achieve optimal performance, the vCore-based model will be the best choice. Additionally, if you have an active Software Assurance (SA) for SQL Server, you can leverage your existing investment and save up to 55% with Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server. Both of the purchasing models provide the benefits of a fully-managed service such as automated backups, software updates and patches.

  • The new service tiers offer a simple online conversion method that is similar to the existing process of upgrading databases from Standard to Premium service tier and vice versa. This conversion can be initiated using Portal, ARM, PowerShell, Azure CLI or T-SQL.

  • In the vCore-based model, the service is billed on a predictable, hourly rate based on the service tier, provisioned compute in vCores, provisioned storage in GB/month and consumed backup storage. If the backup exceeds the total database size (i.e., 100% of the database size) there will be additional charges. vCore hours, configured database storage, and backup storage are clearly itemized in the bill, making it easier to see the details of resources you have used. Backup storage up to 100% of the maximum database size is included, beyond which you will be billed in GB/month consumed in a month.

    For example:

    • If the SQL database exists for 12 hours in a month, the bill will show usage for 12 hours of vCore. If the SQL database provisioned an additional 100 GB, the bill will show storage usage in units of GB/Month prorated hourly.

    If the SQL database is active for less than one hour, you are billed for each hour the database exists using the highest service tier selected and provisioned storage applied during that hour, regardless of usage or whether the database was active for less than an hour.

    For example:

    • If you create a Managed Instance and delete it five minutes later, you’ll be charged for one database hour.
    • If you create a Managed Instance in the General Purpose tier with 8 vCores, and then immediately upgrade it to 16 vCores, you’ll be charged at the 16 vCore rate for the first hour.
  • Increasing your backup retention period increases the backup storage that’s consumed by your instance.

    In the vCore-based model, there’s no additional charge for backup storage for up to 100 percent of your total provisioned database storage. Additional consumption of backup storage will be charged in GB per month. For example, if you have the database storage size of 100 GBs, you’ll get 100 GBs of backup at no additional cost. But if the backup is 110 GBs, you’ll pay for the additional 10 GBs.

    In the DTU-based model, the Backup Storage cost is included in the total price and the maximum retention period for a database depends on the service tier.

    See documentation to learn more about Backup Storage for Point-In-Time Restore.

  • In both the vCore-based and DTU-based models, consumption will be charged in GB per month.

    See documentation to learn more about Backup Storage for Long Term Retention.

  • Suppose an S3 database has provisioned 1 TB. The amount of storage included for S3 is 250 GB, and so the extra storage amount is 1024 GB – 250 GB = 774 GB. The unit price for extra storage in the Standard tier is approximately $-/GB/month, and so the extra storage price is 774 GB * $-/GB/month = $-/month. Therefore, the total price for the S3 database is $-/month for DTUs + $-/month for extra storage = $-/month.
  • Suppose a 125 eDTU Premium pool has provisioned 1 TB. The amount of storage included for a 125 eDTU Premium pool is 250 GB, and so the extra storage amount is 1024 GB – 250 GB = 774 GB. The unit price for extra storage in the Premium tier is approximately $-/GB/month, and so the extra storage price is 774 GB * $-/GB/month = $-/month. Therefore, the total price for the pool is $-/month for pool eDTUs + $-/month for extra storage = $-/month.

Azure SQL Database pricing – Serverless

  • The key difference between the serverless and provisioned compute tiers is in the provisioning and billing of compute resources. In the serverless compute tier, compute resources scale dynamically up or down based on the workload’s requirements and are billed on a per-second basis, pausing during periods of inactivity. In the provisioned compute tier, a customer purchases a certain amount of compute resources and is billed for them on an hourly basis.

    The serverless compute tier is generally better suited for single databases with variable usage patterns interspersed with periods of inactivity, or databases with compute resource usage that is difficult to predict. These can benefit from savings due to per-second billing based on the amount of compute resources used.

    The provisioned compute tier is generally better suited for:

    • Single databases with more uniform and more substantial compute utilization over time. Databases with this usage pattern are generally less expensive in the provisioned compute tier.
    • Multiple databases with varying and unpredictable compute usage that can be consolidated within an elastic pool for better price optimization.
  • Serverless is offered for vCore-based single databases on the General Purpose service tier.

  • The total bill is the summation of the compute bill and storage bill.

    Billing for compute is on a per-second rate based on actual usage of compute resources (for details, please see the next question: “How is the compute bill calculated in the serverless compute tier?”).

    Billing for storage within a given service tier is the same for both the serverless and provisioned compute tiers.

  • Compute is billed on a per-second rate based on actual usage subject to billing for minimum compute resources provisioned while the database is online.

    The amount of compute billed each second is based on the maximum of CPU and memory used each second. To compare CPU with memory for billing purposes, memory is normalized into units of vCores by rescaling the amount of memory in GB by 3 GB per vCore. If the amount of CPU and memory used is less than the minimum amount provisioned, then the provisioned amount is billed. When the database is paused, customers pay nothing for compute and only storage is billed.

    Customers can configure the range of compute capacity available (min vCores and max vCores) for the database and the period of inactivity before a database is paused (auto-pause delay). See documentation for details.

    For example, let’s say you configure min vCores as 1, max vCores as 4 and auto-pause delay as 6 hours. This configuration corresponds to a minimum memory of around 6 GB and a maximum memory of 12 GB. The below table represents your bill if usage varies as follows during a 12-hour period:

    Duration CPU used (vCores) Memory used (GB) Billed vCores Billed vCore-seconds
    1 minute (60 seconds) 1.5 3 1.5 (based on CPU used) 1 90
    1 minute (60 seconds) 4 9 4 (based on CPU used) 240
    1 minute (60 seconds) 0.5 12 4 (based on memory used) 240
    6 hours (21,600 seconds) 0 2 1 (based on minimum compute resources) 2 21,600
    5 hours 56 minutes (21,360 seconds) 0 0 0 (database is paused after 6-hour auto-pause delay) 0
    1 minute (60 seconds) 0.5 9 3 (based on memory used) 180
    Total: 12 hours Total: 22,350

    1 CPU used (1.5 vCores) is greater than memory used after rescaling based on 3 GB per vCore (3 GB ÷ 3 vCores per GB = 1 vCore). Hence, 1.5 vCores are billed.

    2 CPU used (0 vCores) and memory used after rescaling based on 3 GB per vCore (2 GB ÷ 3 vCores per GB = 0.67 vCores) are both lower than the minimum compute resources (1 vCore). Hence, 1 vCore is billed.

    Total bill for compute during this 12-hour period will be $-.

Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server

  • The Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server helps you maximize the value from your current licensing investments and accelerate your migration to the cloud. Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server is an Azure-based benefit that enables you to use your SQL Server licenses with active Software Assurance to pay a reduced rate (“base rate”) on SQL Database. Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server is available to all vCore-based options: SQL Database Managed Instance, Single Database and Elastic Pool. You may apply this benefit even if the SKU is active but note the base rate will be applied from the time you select it in the portal. No credit will be issued retroactively.

    You can activate the Azure Hybrid Benefit via the Azure Portal by attesting you have sufficient active licenses with Software Assurance. The Azure Hybrid Benefit works as follows:

    • If you have Standard Edition per core licenses with Software Assurance, you can get one vCore in the General Purpose or Hyperscale tier option for every one license core you own on-premises.
    • If you have Enterprise Edition per core licenses with Software Assurance, you can get one vCore in the business critical option for every one license core you own on-premises. Note: The Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server for the Business Critical option is only available to Enterprise Edition customers.
    • If you have highly-virtualized Enterprise Edition per core licenses with Software Assurance you can get four vCores in the General Purpose or Hyperscale tier option for every one license core you own on-premises. This is a unique virtualization benefit available only on Azure.

    Azure Hybrid Benefit is not available in the serverless compute tier of SQL Database.

  • The virtualization benefit is applicable to virtualized workloads on vCore-based Azure SQL Database. You can use it to convert 1 license core of SQL Enterprise Edition with active Software Assurance to get up to 4 vCores of General Purpose or Hyperscale tier at the base rate. This makes moving virtualized applications to vCore-based SQL Database options highly cost-effective. For example, if you have 4 core licenses of SQL Enterprise Edition, you can receive up to 16 vCores of General Purpose at the base rate.

  • Your licenses must be used either on-premises or in the cloud; however, you have a 180-day grace period during which you can use licenses both on-premises and in the cloud to facilitate migration.

  • No. Azure Hybrid Benefit cannot be applied retroactively.

  • To use Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server, you need active Software Assurance. If your Software Assurance expires and you don’t renew it, you’ll be moved to the license included pricing of the respective SKU.

Azure SQL Database reserved capacity

  • Azure SQL Database reserved capacity enables you to save up to 33%1 compared to license-included pricing by pre-paying for your SQL Database compute capacity on a one or three-year term. It is an expansion of Azure reservation pricing, which also includes Azure reserved VM instances.

    Today, customers with active Software Assurance can save up to 55% using Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server with the new vCore-b