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Azure Cosmos DB pricing

Build or modernize scalable, high-performance apps

Quickly and easily develop apps at any scale with Azure Cosmos DB, a fully managed and serverless distributed database supporting NoSQL and relational workloads. Get guaranteed speed and availability for NoSQL data, automatic and instant scalability, and support for open source PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and Cassandra. Azure Cosmos DB offers cost-effective pricing models for apps of any size, from dev/test to production.

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Prices are estimates only and are not intended as actual price quotes. Actual pricing may vary depending on the type of agreement entered with Microsoft, date of purchase, and the currency exchange rate. Prices are calculated based on US dollars and converted using Thomson Reuters benchmark rates refreshed on the first day of each calendar month. Sign in to the Azure pricing calculator to see pricing based on your current programme/offer with Microsoft. Contact an Azure sales specialist for more information on pricing or to request a price quote. For more information on Azure pricing see frequently asked questions.

Azure Cosmos DB pricing model

Azure Cosmos DB bills for NoSQL database operations, consumed storage and optional dedicated gateways, across all selected Azure regions enabled on your Azure Cosmos DB account.

Azure Cosmos DB also offers support for PostgreSQL which is billed as vCores (compute and memory) and storage per node.

Database Operations

The cost of all database operations is normalised and expressed as either request units (RU) or vCore (compute and memory). Azure Cosmos DB offers three database operations models:

  • Provisioned Throughput offers pre-selected database operations capacity, measured in request units per second (RU/s) and billed per hour across all selected Azure regions enabled on the account. It offers single-digit millisecond reads and writes and 99.999-percent availability worldwide, backed by SLAs. It is ideal for large, critical workloads requiring guaranteed low-latency and high-availability. You can choose between two capacity management options: Standard Provisioned Throughput and Autoscale Provisioned Throughput. You can estimate your provisioned throughput needs by using the Azure Cosmos DB capacity planner (RU calculator).
  • Serverless offers on-demand database operations, and bills for the request units (RU) used for each database operation. Serverless makes it easy to run spiky workloads that don’t have sustained traffic. It can handle traffic bursts on demand, without resource planning or management.
  • vCores/Nodes are available for Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL. This model enables horizontal scale-out capability to hundreds of nodes for relational data created in PostgreSQL.

Consumed Storage

Transactional and analytical storage for NoSQL data are billed as GBs consumed by data and index across all the Azure regions your database is distributed to.

Back up storage of NoSQL data is either periodic or continuous:

  • Continuous back up is available free with a 7-day retention period, or with a 30-day retention period billed as GBs stored across all Azure regions your database is distributed to. Point-in-time restore from the database back up is billed as GBs of data restored to one Azure region. Continuous back up can be enabled on accounts using Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL or Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB.
  • Periodic back up is enabled by default, with two back up copies provided free, and additional copies billed as total GBs of data stored across two Azure regions.

Storage per Node is available for PostgreSQL data. There is no additional charge for back up storage for up to 100% of your total provisioned storage on a given node.

Dedicated Gateway

Dedicated gateways are billed hourly for set, dedicated compute resources based on the selected number of cores and memory. A dedicated gateway routes requests to the backend partitions in your Azure Cosmos DB account and can be enabled to support an integrated cache with Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL.

Regional data distribution

Azure Cosmos DB supports data replication and distribution across any or all Azure regions for provisioned throughput. You can add and remove regions to your Azure Cosmos DB account at any time. With multi-region distribution enabled, provisioned throughput, consumed storage, and dedicated gateway are billed across every region associated with the account.

Optionally, accounts can be enabled for multi-region writes. When configured this way, accounts are billed at a multi-region rate.

Provisioned Throughput

Provisioned throughput offers single-digit millisecond reads and writes and 99.999-percent availability worldwide, backed by SLAs. It is ideal for large, critical workloads requiring guaranteed low-latency and high-availability. New accounts are eligible to receive 1,000 request units per second (RU/s) throughput and 25 GBs storage per month with Azure Cosmos DB free tier.

There are two capacity management options for provisioned throughput: autoscale provisioned throughput and standard provisioned throughput. The one you choose will depend on the predictability of your workload and whether you wish to manually manage capacity.

You can estimate your provisioned throughput needs by using the Azure Cosmos DB capacity planner (RU calculator).

Autoscale provisioned throughput

Eliminate the need to manually manage capacity for your large, critical workloads and achieve cost benefits when traffic patterns are unpredictable. You set a customised throughput limit (starting at 1,000 RU/s) either using Azure portal or programmatically using an API. Billing is based on the maximum number of request units per second (RU/s) used each hour, between 10 - 100% of your throughput limit.

Autoscale provisioned throughput Total RU/s per hour Price per 100 RU/s
Single-region write account 100 RU/s x 1.5 x 1 region $-
Single-region write account with data distributed across multiple regions (with or without availability zones*) 100 RU/s x 1.5 x N regions $-
Multi-region write (formerly called multi-master) account distributed across multiple regions 100 RU/s x N regions $-
*Availability zones do not have a separate charge with autoscale provisioned throughput.

Autoscale was previously known as “autopilot”.

A minimum of 1,000 RU/s must be provisioned for autoscale provisioned throughput, which will scale hourly between 400 and 4,000 RU/s depending on usage. For more information, see documentation page.

Reserved capacity for autoscale provisioned throughput

Enjoy cost savings of up to 65-percent, and enhanced availability SLAs, while reducing the burden of capacity planning with Azure Cosmos DB reserved capacity pricing. Reserve provisioned throughput, starting at 5,000 RU/s, for one or three years with a one-time payment, and share the reserved provisioned throughput across all regions, APIs, accounts and subscriptions under a given enrolment. Reserved capacity is applied to autoscale database operations at a rate of 100 RU/s x 1.5.

For more information, see the documentation page. Visit the Azure portal to see all reserved capacity options.

Consumed Storage

Azure Cosmos DB offers unlimited transactional and analytical storage (Azure Synapse Link), billed as GBs of SSD-backed logical storage used by data and indexes across all regions selected for geo-replication. For example, if you replicate an Azure Cosmos DB account across three regions, you will pay for the total storage cost in each of those three regions.

Your data is managed in two distinct storage tiers, transactional and analytical, with workloads operating on the same logical data without interfering with each other. While transactional storage is always enabled by default, you must explicitly enable analytical storage on your Azure Cosmos DB container to use Azure Synapse Link to run analytics over data in Azure Cosmos DB using Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL or Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB.

Provisioned throughput (RU/s) scales relative to the amount of transactional storage at a rate of 10 RU/s for every 1 GB storage. To estimate your storage requirement, use the capacity planner tool, and ensure you’ve provisioned enough throughput to meet your storage needs.

Consumed Storage Total GB Price
Transactional storage (row-oriented) 1 GB x N regions $-/month
Analytical storage (column-oriented) 1 GB x N regions $-/month

Back up storage

Accounts can select either periodic or continuous back up for NoSQL data. By default, periodic back up is activated on all accounts and two back up copies of your data are stored free of charge. Periodic data backups can be configured to be geo, local, or zone resilient. Please see technical documentation for details.

Periodic back up storage Total GB Price per GB
Stored periodic back up data (2 copies) GBs per copy Free/month
Stored periodic back up data (>2 copies) GBs per copy $-/month

Continuous back up can be activated instead of periodic backups on provisioned throughput accounts using either Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL or Azure Cosmos DB for MongoDB. Once activated, backups are charged monthly based on the total amount of data stored across all selected Azure regions. Point-in-time restoration from the continuous backup data is billed as total GBs of data restored to the primary write region.

Continuous back up storage Total GB Price per GB
Continuous back up data – 7-day retention* GBs x N regions Free/month
Continuous backup data – 30-day retention GBs x N regions $-/month
Point-in-time restore GBs $-
*Continuous back up with 7-day retention will be free of charge until June 30 2024.

Analytical storage (Azure Synapse Link) transactions

IO (input/output) transactions for analytical storage are billed by quantity of operations.

Transactions Operations Price
Write Operations - analytical storage 10,000 $-
Read Operations - analytical storage 10,000 $-
For a more detailed estimate of analytical storage (Azure Synapse Link) operations for your workload please use the capacity planner tool and refer to the Azure Cosmos DB analytical store pricing documentation for additional detail.

Note: Transactional storage pricing is not impacted by analytical storage usage.

Dedicated Gateway

A dedicated gateway routes requests to the backend partitions in your Azure Cosmos DB account. Once enabled, compute resources will be created in all regions associated with your account.

Integrated cache

Once a dedicated gateway cluster is created, an Azure Cosmos DB integrated cache is automatically enabled at no additional cost and can be used to further improve read performance. Integrated cache is available for Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL.

Name vCPU Memory Cost (per instance, varies by region)
Dedicated Gateway - General Purpose - D4 4 16 GB $- per hour
Dedicated Gateway - General Purpose - D8 8 32 GB $- per hour
Dedicated Gateway - General Purpose - D16 16 64 GB $- per hour

Availability zones

You can enable availability zones when selecting regions to associate with your Azure Cosmos DB account in the Azure portal. This provides additional redundancy within a given region by replicating data across multiple zones in that region. The Azure regions eligible to be availability zones are: UK South, Southeast Asia, East US, East US 2, Central US, West Europe, West US 2, Japan East, North Europe, France Central, and Australia East.

The billing impact is:

  • For single-region write accounts using standard provisioned throughput, request units per second (RU/s) are multiplied by a factor of 1.25 in each region designated as an Availability Zone
  • For single-region serverless accounts, request units (RU) are multiplied by a factor of 1.25
  • For multi-region write (formerly “multi-master”) accounts using provisioned throughput, there is no billing impact

Try Azure Cosmos DB for free

There are a variety of ways for you to get started free with Azure Cosmos DB.

30 days free. Run a non-production Azure Cosmos DB database for a limited time. Get Started: Enjoy a time-limited Azure Cosmos DB experience free of charge and without an Azure subscription. You can renew any number of times.
Azure Cosmos DB free tier. Develop and test applications, or run small production workloads, free within the Azure environment. Get Started: Enable free tier on a new account to receive 1,000 RU/s provisioned throughput and 25 GBs storage free each month for the life of one Azure Cosmos DB account per Azure subscription.
Azure free account. New to Azure? Develop and test a pre-production application with Azure Cosmos DB and other Azure services. Get Started: Try Azure Cosmos DB and other Azure services as a part of a 12-month Azure free account. Get $200 credit for 30 days and enjoy 400 RU/s of provisioned throughput and 25 GBs of storage per month free. New Azure free accounts can also enable the Azure Cosmos DB free tier to gain additional free provisioned throughput and storage.
Azure Cosmos DB local emulator. Test applications from your local machine without creating an Azure subscription or incurring any cost. Get Started: Download the free Azure Cosmos DB emulator from your local Windows or Linux machine. Once you’re satisfied with your database, you can deploy it by pointing to an Azure Cosmos DB instance in the cloud.

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Additional resources

Azure Cosmos DB

Learn more about Azure Cosmos DB features and capabilities.

Pricing calculator

Estimate your expected monthly costs for using any combination of Azure products.

SLA

Review the Service Level Agreement for Azure Cosmos DB.

Documentation

Review technical tutorials, videos and more Azure Cosmos DB resources.

  • Request units are the currency for database operations in Azure Cosmos DB. Each operation - writes, updates, reads and queries - consumes CPU, memory and IOPs resources. These resources incur charges which are expressed in request units (RU). Provisioned throughput is the total throughput capacity for database operations and is set as request units per second (RU/s). To learn more please visit request units in Azure Cosmos DB page.
  • You’re billed by the hour for the provisioned throughput, expressed in request units per second (RU/s), that you set for your database or container.

    Standard provisioned throughput for an individual container:

    If you create an Azure Cosmos DB database account in East US 2 with two containers with standard provisioned throughput of 500 RU/s and 700 RU/s, respectively, you would have a total provisioned throughput of 1,200 RU/s. You would thus be charged 12 x $- = $-/hour.

    If your throughput needs changed, and you’ve increased each container’s capacity by 500 RU/s while also creating a new container using 20,000 RU/s, your overall provisioned capacity would be 22,200 RU/s (1,000 RU/s + 1,200 RU/s + 20,000RU/s). Your note would then change to: $- x 222 = $-/hour.

    In a month of 720 hours, if for 500 hours provisioned throughput was 1,200 RU/s and for the remaining 220 hours provisioned throughput was 22,200 RU/s, your monthly note will show: 500 x $-/hour + 220 x $-/hour = $-/month.

    Provisioned throughput for a database (a set of containers):

    If you create an account in East US 2 with two Cosmos DB databases (with a set of collections under each) with provisioned throughput of 50K RU/s and 70K RU/s, respectively, you would have a total provisioned throughput of 120K RU/s. You would thus be charged 1200 x $- = $-/hour.

    If your throughput needs changed and you increased each database’s provisioned throughput by 10K RU/s each, your overall provisioned capacity would be 140K RU/s (60K RU/s + 80K RU/s). Your note would then change to: 1400 * $- = $-/hour.

    In a month of 720 hours, if for 500 hours provisioned throughput was 120K RU/s and for the remaining 220 hours provisioned throughput was 140K RU/s, your monthly note will show: 500 x $-/hour + 220 x $-/hour = $- + $- = $-/month.

  • With autoscale (previously "autopilot"), you set a maximum provisioned throughput limit in RU/s that your database or container can scale to. You are then billed by the hour for RU/s of provisioned throughput used, starting at 400 request units per second (RU/s) or 10% of your maximum. For example, if you set a maximum of 8,000 RU/s Azure Cosmos DB will automatically scale between 800 - 8,000 RU/s based on actual usage.
  • When enabled on a new Azure Cosmos DB account, free tier gives the first 1,000 RU/s and 25 GB of storage for free for the lifetime of the account. Additionally, when using shared throughput databases, you can create up to 25 containers that share 1,000 RU/s at the database level (max. 5 shared databases per free tier account). You can have a maximum of one free tier account per Azure subscription and must opt in when creating the account.
  • In free tier accounts, you will receive the first 400 RU/s provisioned throughput and 5 GB of storage free each month. Any provisioned throughput and storage beyond 400 RU/s and 5 GB will be billed at the regular Azure Cosmos DB rates. The 400 RU/s applies to standard provisioned throughput, autoscale provisioned throughput, and multi-region writes (multi-master). Free tier is not applicable to serverless.

    The free tier discount is applied at the account level. For example, if in one month, an account had a total of 400 RU/s and three regions, with 5 GB in each region, the account would be billed for 800 RU/s (400 RU/s x 3 regions – 400 RU/s) and 10 GB of storage (5 GB x 3 regions – 5 GB) for each hour in the month. If the regions have different rates for RU/s and storage, the discount will reflect the rates of the region the account was created in.

  • When you choose to make an Azure Cosmos DB account (with databases and containers) span across geographic regions, you are billed for the throughput and storage for each container in every region and the data transfer between regions. As an example, let’s assume you have a container in West US provisioned with throughput 10K RU/s and store 1 TB of data this month. Let’s assume you add 3 regions: East US, North Europe, and East Asia, each with the same storage and throughput. Your total monthly bill will be (assuming 31 days in a month):

    Item Usage (Month) Rate Monthly Cost
    Throughput note for container in West US 10K RU/s * 24 * 31 $- per 100 RU/s per hour $-
    Throughput note for 3 additional regions - East US, North Europe, and East Asia 3 * 10K RU/s * 24 * 31 $- per 100 RU/s per hour $-
    Storage note for container in West US 1 TB $-/GB $-
    Storage note for 3 additional regions - East US, North Europe, and East Asia 3 * 1TB $-/GB $-
    Total $-

    Let's also assume that you egress 100GB of data every month from the container in West US to replicate data into East US, North Europe and East Asia. You are billed for egress as per data transfer rates.

  • When you choose to operate containers that span across multiple geographic regions, you are billed for the provisioned throughput and storage for each container in every region and the data transfer between regions. You will be billed for the provisioned throughput.
  • Storage capacity is billed in units of the maximum hourly amount of data stored, in GB, over a monthly period. For example, if you utilised 100 GB of storage for half of the month and 50 GB for the second half of the month, you would be billed for an equivalent of 75 GB of storage during that month.

  • You're billed for each hour the container or database exists, regardless of usage or if the container or database is active for less than an hour. For example, if you create a container or database and delete it 5 minutes later, your bill will reflect a 1 hour.

  • You are charged for the maximum provisioned throughput for any given hour.

    For instance, if you increase provisioned throughput at 9:30 AM from 400 RU/s to 1,000 RU/s and then lower provisioned throughput at 10:45 AM back to 400 RU/s, you will be charged for two hours of 1,000 RU/s.

    If you increase provisioned throughput for a container or a set of containers at 9:30 AM from 100K RU/s to 200K RU/s and then lower provisioned throughput at 10:45 AM back to 100K RU/s, you will be charged for two hours of 200K RU/s.

  • You can scale up or scale down the provisioned throughput (i.e., Request Units per second) for each container or a database by using the Azure Portal, one of the supported SDKs, ARM template, PowerShell, Azure CLI or the REST API.

  • Azure Cosmos DB reserved capacity helps you save money by offering a discount if you prepay for one year or three years of provisioned throughput. Reserved capacity provides a billing discount and does not affect the runtime state of your resources. You can buy a reserved capacity for Azure Cosmos DB in the Azure portal. To learn more about reserved capacity, read the Azure Cosmos DB documentation.

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