Azure global infrastructure
60+ regions, more than any other cloud service provider
Discover a new world of sustainable, trusted cloud infrastructure with Azure
Safeguard your data with the trusted cloud
Take advantage of multilayered security across physical data centres, infrastructure and operations with Azure. Help protect your business assets and data with industry-leading physical security systems and a comprehensive portfolio of compliance offerings and privacy standards.Learn more about the trusted cloud
Achieve your sustainability goals
Using Microsoft Azure is up to 98 per cent more carbon efficient than using a traditional enterprise data centre. Join the growing community of industry leaders that are reducing energy use and transitioning to a more carbon-neutral grid with Azure.
Microsoft has been carbon neutral since 2012 and is committed to being carbon negative by 2030, with the commitment by 2050 to remove all the carbon it’s directly emitted since its founding in 1975. Take advantage of the lessons learnt from Microsoft’s own sustainability journey and help advance a low-carbon future – while you achieve your own sustainability goals.Learn more about Azure sustainability
Run mission-critical systems with confidence
Azure provides enterprise-grade cloud infrastructure on which customers and partners can rely. This includes physical elements such as redundant power, networking and cooling, as well as software elements such as safe deployment processes, ineffective maintenance and failure prediction enabled by machine learning.
No matter what your service-level objectives are, Azure empowers you to achieve your organisation’s reliability goals. Take advantage of built-in features that help you design and operate mission-critical systems with confidence – across high availability, disaster recovery and backup scenarios.Learn more about reliability with Microsoft
Embrace the infrastructure of tomorrow
Learn how Microsoft is improving the performance, efficiency, power consumption and costs of Azure data centres for your cloud workloads – with infrastructure innovations such as underwater data centres, liquid immersion cooling projects and hydrogen fuel cell technologies.
In order for others to benefit from these innovations, Azure shares server and data centre infrastructure designs, emphasising security and standardisation, as part of the Open Compute Project – promoting a vibrant industry ecosystem for global data centre deployment in the cloud.Learn more about being future-ready with Azure
Guide to Azure global infrastructure terms
Azure global infrastructure is made up of two key components – physical infrastructure and connective network components. The physical component is comprised of 160+ physical data centres, arranged into regions, and linked by one of the largest interconnected networks on the planet.
With the connectivity of the global Azure network, each of the Azure data centres provides high availability, low latency, scalability and the latest advancements in cloud infrastructure – all running on the Azure platform.
Together, these components keep data entirely within the trusted Microsoft network, and IP traffic never enters the public Internet.
Azure data centres are unique physical buildings – located all over the globe – that house a group of networked computer servers.
An Azure region is a set of data centres, deployed within a latency-defined perimeter and connected through a dedicated regional low-latency network.
With more global regions than any other cloud service provider, Azure gives customers the flexibility to deploy applications where they need. An Azure region has discrete pricing and service availability.
An Azure geography is a discrete market, typically containing at least one region, that preserves data residency and compliance boundaries. Geographies allow customers with specific data-residency and compliance needs to keep their data and apps close. Geographies are fault-tolerant to withstand complete region failure through their connection to the dedicated high-capacity networking infrastructure of Azure.
Azure Availability Zones are unique physical locations within an Azure region and offer high availability to protect your applications and data from data centre failures. Each zone is made up of one or more data centres equipped with independent power, cooling and networking.
The physical separation of availability zones within a region protects apps and data from facility-level issues. Zone-redundant services replicate your apps and data across Azure Availability Zones to protect from single points of failure.
The Azure global network refers to all of the components in networking and is comprised of the Microsoft global wide-area network (WAN), points of presence (PoPs), fibre and others.
Azure Edge Zones are footprint extensions of Azure, placed in densely populated areas. Azure Edge Zones support virtual machines (VMs), containers and a select set of Azure services that let you run latency-sensitive and throughput-intensive apps close to your end users.
Azure Edge Zones are part of the Microsoft global network and offer secure, reliable and high-bandwidth connectivity between apps – running at the Azure Edge Zone (close to the user), and the full set of Azure services running across the larger Azure regions.
The Microsoft global wide-area network (WAN) connects hundreds of data centres in regions around the world and offers high availability and capacity. With the flexibility to immediately respond to unpredictable demand spikes, the global WAN is critical in delivering a great cloud service experience.
An Azure point of presence, often abbreviated as PoP, is an access point or physical location where traffic can enter or exit the Microsoft global network.
Regional network gateways are massively parallel, hyperscale data centre interconnects between data centres within a region – without the need to network each individual data centre to the others in a region.
This ensures that connection issues in one data centre don’t cause issues for the wider region. This also allows the addition of new data centres without the need to route direct network connections to each existing data centre.
Improve performance with less latency
Learn how Azure and its global network infrastructure are investing in fast, distributed infrastructure to virtually eliminate latency concerns – one of the main performance barriers for modern apps, connected devices and mobile services.
Explore ultra-low-latency access for your large data and connectivity requirements with Azure Edge Zones – providing compute, storage and services such as containers at the edge.