Manage key vaults with Python

Sidst opdateret: 29-12-2016
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This sample demonstrates how to manage key vaults in Azure using the Python SDK.

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Run this sample

  1. If you don't already have it, install Python.

  2. We recommend using a virtual environment to run this example, but it's not mandatory. You can initialize a virtual environment this way:

    pip install virtualenv
    virtualenv mytestenv
    cd mytestenv
    source bin/activate
  3. Clone the repository.

    git clone
  4. Install the dependencies using pip.

    cd key-vault-python-manage
    pip install -r requirements.txt
  5. Create an Azure service principal, using Azure CLI, PowerShell or Azure Portal.

  6. Export these environment variables into your current shell.

    export AZURE_TENANT_ID={your tenant id}
    export AZURE_CLIENT_ID={your client id}
    export AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET={your client secret}
    export AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID={your subscription id}
  7. Run the sample.


What is example.rb doing?

This sample starts by setting up ResourceManagementClient and KeyVaultManagementClient objects using your subscription and credentials.

# Create the Resource Manager Client with an Application (service principal) token provider
subscription_id = os.environ.get(
    '11111111-1111-1111-1111-111111111111') # your Azure Subscription Id
credentials = ServicePrincipalCredentials(
kv_client = KeyVaultManagementClient(credentials, subscription_id)
resource_client = ResourceManagementClient(credentials, subscription_id)

It registers the subscription for the "Microsoft.KeyVault" namespace and creates a resource group and a storage account where the media services will be managed.

# You MIGHT need to add KeyVault as a valid provider for these credentials
# If so, this operation has to be done only once for each credentials

# Create Resource group
resource_group_params = {'location': WEST_US}
resource_client.resource_groups.create_or_update(GROUP_NAME, resource_group_params)

There is a supporting function (print) that print a resource group and it's properties. With that set up, the sample lists all resource groups for your subscription, it performs these operations.

Create a key vault

vault = kv_client.vaults.create_or_update(
        'location': WEST_US,
        'properties': {
            'sku': {
                'name': 'standard'
            'tenant_id': os.environ['AZURE_TENANT_ID'],
            'access_policies': [{
                'tenant_id': os.environ['AZURE_TENANT_ID'],
                'object_id': OBJECT_ID,
                'permissions': {
                    'keys': ['all'],
                    'secrets': ['all']

The object ID is unique for a User or an Application. Find this number in the portal.

List key vaults

This code lists the key vaults.

for vault in kv_client.vaults.list():

Delete a key vault

delete_async_operation = resource_client.resource_groups.delete(GROUP_NAME)
print("\nDeleted: {}".format(GROUP_NAME))