About Azure Storage Accounts
An Azure storage account is a secure account that gives you access to services in Azure Storage. Your storage account provides the unique namespace for your data, and by default, it is available only to you, the account owner.
There are two types of storage accounts:
You are billed for Azure Storage usage based on your storage account. Storage costs are based on four factors: storage capacity, replication scheme, storage transactions, and data egress.
- Storage capacity refers to how much of your storage account allotment you are using to store data. The cost of simply storing your data is determined by how much data you are storing, and how it is replicated.
- Replication determines how many copies of your data are maintained at once, and in what locations.
- Transactions refer to all read and write operations to Azure Storage.
- Data egress refers to data transferred out of an Azure region. When the data in your storage account is accessed by an application that is not running in the same region, whether that application is a cloud service or some other type of application, then you are charged for data egress. (For Azure services, you can take steps to group your data and services in the same data centers to reduce or eliminate data egress charges.)
The Storage Pricing Details page provides detailed pricing information for storage capacity, replication, and transactions. The Data Transfers Pricing Details provides detailed pricing information for data egress.
For details about storage account capacity and performance targets, see Azure Storage Scalability and Performance Targets.
When you create an Azure virtual machine, a storage account is created for you automatically in the deployment location if you do not already have a storage account in that location. So it's not necessary to follow the steps below to create a storage account for your virtual machine disks. The storage account name will be based on the virtual machine name. See the Azure Virtual Machines documentation for more details.
Create a storage account
Sign in to the Management Portal.
Click Create New, click Storage, and then click Quick Create.
In URL, enter a name for your storage account. See Storage account endpoints below for details about how this name will be used to address objects that you store in Azure Storage.
In Location/Affinity Group, select a location for your storage account that is close to you or to your customers. If data in your storage account will be accessed from another Azure service, such as an Azure virtual machine or cloud service, you may want to select an affinity group from the list to group your storage account in the same data center with other Azure services that you are using to improve performance and lower costs.
Note that you must select an affinity group when your storage account is created; you cannot move an existing account to an affinity group.
For details about affinity groups, see Service co-location with an affinity group below.
If you have more than one Azure subscription, then the Subscription field is displayed. In Subscription, enter the Azure subscription that you want to use the storage account with. You can create up to five storage accounts for a subscription.
In Replication, select the desired level of replication for your storage account. The recommended replication option is Geo-Redundant replication, which provides maximum durability for your data. For more details on Azure Storage replication options, see Storage account replication options below.
Click Create Storage Account.
It may take a few minutes to create your storage account. To check the status, you can monitor the notifications at the bottom of the portal. After the storage account has been created, your new storage account has Online status and is ready for use.
Storage account endpoints
Every object that you store in Azure Storage has a unique URL address; the storage account name forms the subdomain of that address. The subdomain together with the domain name, which is specific to each service, form an endpoint for your storage account.
For example, if your storage account is named mystorageaccount, then the default endpoints for your storage account are:
Blob service: http://mystorageaccount.blob.core.windows.net
Table service: http://mystorageaccount.table.core.windows.net
Queue service: http://mystorageaccount.queue.core.windows.net
File service: http://mystorageaccount.file.core.windows.net
You can see the endpoints for your storage account on the storage Dashboard in the Azure Management Portal once the account has been created.
The URL for accessing an object in a storage account is built by appending the object's location in the storage account to the endpoint. For example, a blob address might have this format: http://mystorageaccount.blob.core.windows.net/mycontainer/myblob.
You can also configure a custom domain name to use with your storage account. See Configure a custom domain name for blob data in a storage account for details.
Service co-location with an affinity group
An affinity group is a geographic grouping of your Azure services and VMs with your Azure storage account. An affinity group can improve service performance by locating computer workloads in the same data center or near the target user audience. Also, no billing charges are incurred for egress when data in a storage account is accessed from another service that is part of the same affinity group.
To create an affinity group, open the Settings area of the Management Portal, click Affinity Groups, and then click either Add an affinity group or the Add button. You can also create and manage affinity groups using the Azure Service Management API. See Operations on Affinity Groups for more information.
Storage account replication options
Data in your storage account is replicated to ensure durability that is also highly available, meeting the Azure Storage SLA even in the face of transient hardware failures. Azure Storage is deployed in 15 regions around the world and also includes support for replicating data between regions. You have several options for replicating the data in your storage account:
Locally redundant storage (LRS) maintains three copies of your data. LRS is replicated three times within a single facility in a single region. LRS protects your data from normal hardware failures, but not from the failure of a single facility.
LRS is offered at a discount. For maximum durability, we recommend that you use geo-redundant storage, described below.
Zone-redundant storage (ZRS) maintains three copies of your data. ZRS is replicated three times across two to three facilities, either within a single region or across two regions, providing higher durability than LRS. ZRS ensures that your data is durable within a single region.
ZRS provides a higher level of durability than LRS; however, for maximum durability, we recommend that you use geo-redundant storage, described below.
ZRS is currently available only for block blobs. Note that once you have created your storage account and selected zone-redundant replication, you cannot convert it to use to any other type of replication, or vice versa.
Geo-redundant storage (GRS) is enabled for your storage account by default when you create it. GRS maintains six copies of your data. With GRS, your data is replicated three times within the primary region, and is also replicated three times in a secondary region hundreds of miles away from the primary region, providing the highest level of durability. In the event of a failure at the primary region, Azure Storage will failover to the secondary region. GRS ensures that your data is durable in two separate regions.
GRS is recommended over ZRS or LRS for maximum durability.
Read-access geo-redundant storage (RA-GRS) provides all of the benefits of geo-redundant storage noted above, and also allows read access to data at the secondary region in the event that the primary region becomes unavailable. Read-access geo-redundant storage is recommended for maximum availability in addition to durability.
For more details about replication options, see the Azure Storage Team Blog and Azure Storage Redundancy Options.
The pricing differences between the various replication options can be found on the Storage Pricing Details page.
View, copy, and regenerate storage access keys
When you create a storage account, Azure generates two 512-bit storage access keys, which are used for authentication when the storage account is accessed. By providing two storage access keys, Azure enables you to regenerate the keys with no interruption to your storage service or access to that service.
We recommend that you avoid sharing your storage account access keys with anyone else. To permit access to storage resources without giving out your access keys, you can use a shared access signature. A shared access signature provides access to a resource in your account for an interval that you define and with the permissions that you specify. See the shared access signature tutorial for more information.
In the Management Portal, use Manage Keys on the dashboard or the Storage page to view, copy, and regenerate the storage access keys that are used to access the Blob, Table, and Queue services.
Copy a storage access key ###
You can use Manage Keys to copy a storage access key to use in a connection string. The connection string requires the storage account name and a key to use in authentication. For information about configuring connection strings to access Azure storage services, see Configuring Connection Strings.
In the Management Portal, click Storage, and then click the name of the storage account to open the dashboard.
Click Manage Keys.
Manage Access Keys opens.
To copy a storage access key, select the key text. Then right-click, and click Copy.
Regenerate storage access keys
You should change the access keys to your storage account periodically to help keep your storage connections more secure. Two access keys are assigned to enable you to maintain connections to the storage account using one access key while you regenerate the other access key.
Regenerating your access keys affects virtual machines, media services, and any applications that are dependent on the storage account. All clients that use the access key to access the storage account must be updated to use the new key.
Virtual machines - If your storage account contains any virtual machines that are running, you will have to redeploy all virtual machines after you regenerate the access keys. To avoid redeployment, shut down the virtual machines before you regenerate the access keys.
Media services - If you have media services dependent on your storage account, you must re-sync the access keys with your media service after you regenerate the keys.
Applications - If you have web applications or cloud services using the storage account, you will lose the connections if you regenerate keys, unless you roll your keys. Here is the process:
Update the connection strings in your application code to reference the secondary access key of the storage account.
Regenerate the primary access key for your storage account. In the Management Portal, from the dashboard or the Configure page, click Manage Keys. Click Regenerate under the primary access key, and then click Yes to confirm you want to generate a new key.
Update the connection strings in your code to reference the new primary access key.
Regenerate the secondary access key.
Delete a storage account
To remove a storage account that you are no longer using, use Delete on the dashboard or the Configure page. Delete deletes the entire storage account, including all of the blobs, tables, and queues in the account.
There's no way to restore the content from a deleted storage account. Make sure you back up anything you want to save before you delete the account.
If your storage account contains any VHD files or disks for an Azure virtual machine, then you must delete any images and disks that are using those VHD files before you can delete the storage account. First, stop the virtual machine if it is running, and then delete it. To delete disks, navigate to the Disks tab and delete any disks contained in the storage account. To delete images, navigate to the Images tab and delete any images stored in the account.
In the Management Portal, click Storage.
Click anywhere in the storage account entry except the name, and then click Delete.
Click the name of the storage account to open the dashboard, and then click Delete.
Click Yes to confirm you want to delete the storage account.